Zimbabwe is a country in southern Africa, the capital city of Zimbabwe is Harare. English, Shona, and Ndebele are the most popular languages in Zimbabwe, but Zimbabwe has 16 official languages. The name "Zimbabwe" comes from a Shona name for "The Great Zimbabwe", which is an ancient ruin, meaning "Large houses of Stone." It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west and southwest, Zambia to the north and Mozambique to the east and north-east.
The Kingdom of Mapungubwe enjoyed greater success developing sophisticated trade states while trading with Merchants through Indian Ocean Coast around the 11th century. They traded gold, ivory, and copper for cloth and glass.
Following was the Kingdom of Zimbabwe which flourished during the 13th to 15th centuries, as evidenced by ancient ruins such as Great Zimbabwe and other smaller sites.
Mutapa Empire which has other names such as "Kingdom of Mutapa", "Mwene Mutapa" etc flourished from 15th to 18th centuries, during this time, the Portuguese operating on the coast of Africa wanted more control of over the interior of Africa. This resulted in wars and Rozwi Empire emerged. Rozwi means "Destroyers", and as their name suggests, they succeeded to expel the Portuguese from the Zimbabwean plateau by force of arms.
In the 19th century, Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company with the help of British Government seized control of the Kingdoms and Named the country "Rhodesia", subsequently changing the name to "Southern Rhodesia".
The Zimbabwean white minority led by Ian Smith issued a Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom on November 11, 1965. Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union(ZANU) and Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union(ZAPU) not satisfied with white minority rule, started military campaigns to take power. In 1978, Ian Smith reached an accord with other African leaders, On 1 June 1979, Muzorewa became the prime minister and changed the country's name to Zimbabwe Rhodesia. On 12 December 1979, Britain took control of Zimbabwe Rhodesia as the Colony of Southern Rhodesia.
In February 1980, Robert Mugabe and the ZANU party won an election and Britain formally granted independence to Zimbabwe in April 1980, the president at the time was Canaan Banana. ZANU and ZAPU united to form ZANU-PF party.
Below are the pictures of Harare
Information about tourist attractions in Africa and how to access them
2 posts • Page 1 of 1